Wig Making Techniques
Making a wig (unit) is no joke. It can be very difficult and time consuming. So, if you’re planning on making one, you’d better store up some patience, because you’re going to need it.
Steps in making a unit:
- Measure the head
- Carefully measure the head of whomever the wig is for, using a fabric tape measure.
- Form the foundation
- Draw and transfer your measurements on a wig block. This will represent the shape of the head. You can use a cotton lace cap or fine net cap to place over your wig block. You can choose a net cap with a color that is close to the color of the hair you desire.
- You can also place a patterned paper underneath the net cap so you can easily see the mesh of the net you’re using.
- Line a cotton ribbon along the perimeter of your outline, then use a needle or a pin to keep it in place (depends on if you’re using a wooden wig block or styrofoam).
- Lightly moisten strips of cotton lace and then drape them over the wig block and stitch them to the ribbon.
- Prepare the hair
- First you need to choose what type of hair you want to use, either synthetic or real human hair. Real human hair is more expensive but looks more natural.
- Run handfuls of hair through a hair heckle to detangle, straighten, and sort the hair. Pull and tie it into sections using hair elastics.
- Lay one end of each hair section onto one drawing mat. Place the other drawing mat on top of the hair so that the pointed sides of both mats meet.
- Create the unit
- Choose the needle you’ll be using – depending on the gaps of your lace and the number of strands you want in a single knot. You can use different needle sizes.
- Hairs are attached to the net foundation by a procedure called knotting.
- Single, or “full V,” knot is the most commonly used knotting technique among wigmakers.
- After completing the construction, you can style it now.
- Simply pin the hair on the wig block before starting.
- Gently dampen the unit by combing it with a wet comb.
- Before and after styling, cover the unit with a net and dry in an oven.